Bees, the fundamental part of pollination

Bees and other animals are the most important vehicle for pollinationa process that is influenced by urbanization and environmental impacts, such as climate change.

When bees and other insects transfer pollen from one plant to another, they not only facilitate the production of fruits, nuts and seeds, but also promote their greater diversity and quality, thereby contributing to nutrition and food security.

Yes Yes the importance of pollinatorsThe Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) marked May 20 as World Bee Day, with the aim of highlighting the importance beekeeping and the role of the beekeeping sector in supporting rural communities and improving food and nutrition security.

Forests also play an important role for pollinators as far as their nesting and feeding is concerned. However, deforestation or landscape fragmentation, together with climate change, have affected its function and this has a cascading effect on ecosystem sustainability, food security and livelihoods.

“Forests are home to wild bees, bats, butterflies and other pollinators and are crucial for ecosystem conservation, biodiversity and agricultural production, and thus for food security,” says Tiina Vahanen, Head of FAO’s Forest Policy and Resources Division.

Deforestation and the consequent use of land for cultivation has fragmented and degraded pollinator habitats. Damien Bertrand, FAO Forestry Officer, explained that forest and landscape management plays a fundamental role in ensuring their continued sustainability.

City forests and their significance

The urbanization of the planet meant a reduction in the number of pollinators, however, at the same time, urban habitats are known to host a great diversity of them, sometimes greater than in other places where natural habitat can be concentrated. Urban forest management can play an important role in supporting pollinator communities in peri-urban environments, in synergy with other benefits of urban forestry.

The connection between natural and urban habitats It represents a cornerstone for pollinator diversity and abundance, which entails greater efforts to harness rural and indigenous knowledge and engage land custodians and stakeholders in pollinator-attentive management.

FAO and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) have issued a document preparing to jointly lead the United Nations Decade of Ecosystem Restoration (starting in 2021) and as countries consider a global biodiversity framework for the future beyond 2020.

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