The federal government has committed to studying the possibility of leaving products considered sensitive, such as dairy and meat, out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations and, in others, giving a reduction period of up to 20 years.
Benjamín Grayeb Ruiz, president of the National Council of Agriculture (CNA), said that now the Ministry of Economy (SE) is reviewing part by part, so no unpleasant surprises are expected for the sector.
Mexico could take advantage of market niches in some TPP countries, but work must be done to strengthen product quality, since countries like Australia are very protectionist and place great restrictions on products such as citrus and some fruits such as avocados, he warned.
For his part, Manuel Valladolid Seamanduras, Vice President of Foreign Trade of CNA, who participated directly at the negotiating tables in Singapore, reported that in the chapter on market access, the Mexican government exchanged its offer with its counterparts. However, it did not meet with good responses, especially for products classified by Mexico as sensitive, as some countries in Oceania and South America requested full access to agri-food products, which the CNA refused.
He also clarified that in terms of access to markets, of the entire agri-food universe, 75 percent is classified for immediate tax relief or a short period of reduction, in order to take care of all sensitivities, but milk and its products are left out. , potatoes and chili. Also excluded are garlic, asparagus, olives, temperate and tropical fruits (citruses, bananas, mangoes, grapes, apples, peaches), as well as beans, cereals, cotton, coffee, wine, sugar, fishery products, among others, due to issues of large asymmetries, unfair trade practices and health problems.
He said progress was made during the negotiations on chapters such as rules of origin, customs, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, regulatory compliance and technical barriers to trade. Also in competitiveness, trade and environment, labor aspects, commercial remedies and state jurisdiction.