Food poisoning: implications for industry and consumers

food poisoning It is a disease caused by eating food that contains harmful microbes found in raw meat, poultry, fish or eggs.

  • Food poisoning is caused by eating or drinking food contaminated with harmful microbes such as bacteria, parasites and viruses.

Which can get into food during preparation or processing or when washing with contaminated water.

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More than two hundred and fifty different infectious agents can cause food poisoning. Most are bacteria, viruses and parasites found in food.

The main causes and agents of food poisoning

Contamination can occur at any point in the food production process: growing, harvesting, processing, storage, distribution or preparation.

  • The main cause is usually cross contamination; That is, germs are transferred from one surface to another.

The risk is higher with raw food and in those ready for consumption such as salads or other prepared products.

More than two hundred and fifty different infectious agents can cause food poisoning. Most are bacteria, viruses and parasites found in food.

In the case of bacteria, those that can most often contaminate food are:

  • Salmonella
  • Escherichia coli (E. coli)
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Yersinia enterocolitica

You can also read: They establish new maximum limits for contaminants in food

Cleaning, disinfection and waste treatment

Cleaning and disinfection are procedures aimed at suppressing the proliferation and activity of microorganisms that can contaminate food and cause it to spoil.

Bad cleaning and disinfection programs They must ensure that all parts of the facility are properly cleaned, including cleaning equipment.

Constant and effective monitoring is recommended. If you have written cleanup programs, you must specify the following:

  • Surfaces
  • Items of equipment and dishes to be cleaned
  • Responsibility for certain tasks
  • Method and frequency of cleaning
  • Control measures

According to FAOit is necessary to take appropriate measures for the removal and storage of waste.

Accumulation of waste in handling and storage areas must not be allowed. food store or in other work areas or in surrounding areas. Except to the extent that is unavoidable for the proper functioning of the facilities.

It is important to emphasize that the food processing industry requires huge amounts of water, which is used as an ingredient, cleaning agent, for boiling and cooling, transportation and conditioning of raw materials.

And one of the main problems is the amount of waste water that is constantly produced in plant feeding.

Professional industrial cleaner in protective uniform cleaning the floor in a food processing plant.
The food processing industry requires huge amounts of water, which is used as an ingredient, cleaning agent, for cooking and cooling, for transporting and conditioning raw materials.

What are the sanctions for food poisoning?

According to information from the blog The Right.compossible criminal implications that can have a case of food poisoning are u Criminal law.

And punishes manufacturers, distributors or traders who endanger the health of consumers with a prison sentence of one to four years, a fine of six to twelve months and a special exclusion from the profession, trade, activity or trade for a period of three to six years.

On the aforementioned blog, they point out that, in the event of a health warning issued due to listeriosis, the investigation will determine whether there is criminal liability, depending on omission of regulations specific that was violated.

A priori, this would lead to an administrative sanction, unless the protected legal property is damaged after the health warning has been officially declared at the national level. And the death of several people has been linked to contaminated products.

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