Forests and why they are necessary for food security

Since 2013 United Nations General Assembly decided to declare March 21 every year is the International Day of Forests. The goal is to make individuals aware of the importance of forests in people’s lives and the key role they play in eradicating poverty, environmental sustainability and food security.

The sustainable management of forest ecosystems is key to addressing the challenges faced by conflict-affected countries, whether developing or developed. This will benefit current and future generations.

Forests are essential for combat climate changes, therefore significantly contribute to the well-being of current and future generations. Forests also play a key role in eradicating poverty and achieving internationally agreed development goals, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The importance of forests for sustainability

It is necessary to take into account that forests are so important in our lives that they are called water factories, because watersheds and forest swamps They supply 75% of the world’s available freshwater for domestic, agricultural, industrial and environmental needs.

According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)forests are one of nature’s great providers, besides being a source of water and food security, they provide us with many ecological services, because:

  • In cities, there are natural air conditioners that lower the temperature between 2 and 8 degrees.
  • Trees reduce noise from nearby roads and industrial areas.
  • City green areas enable and contribute to the improvement of mental health and disease prevention.

It should be noted that, The goal of sustainable development 15 refers to the “Life of Terrestrial Ecosystems” and includes the importance of protecting, restoring and promoting the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable forest management, combating desertification, halting and reversing land degradation and halting the loss of biodiversity.

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