Meat consumption worldwide

How has the consumption of meat in the world changed in recent years?

Factors such as availability, prices, socioeconomic levels, seasons and even practiced religions are decisive factors in the configuration of respective diets, habits and food traditions across the planet.

In 2009, 272.7 million tons were produced in the world, almost three times more than in 1970, when production reached 95.2 million. The increase is mainly due to the increase in the consumption of poultry meat, which tripled the growth rate during that period, which can be linked to the increase in population, which is significantly higher in poor countries, combined with the higher price of poultry. beef.

In 2011, Mexico was the fourth world producer of poultry meat (2.8 million tons), the sixth producer of beef (1.8 million) and the seventeenth producer of pork (1.2 million).

Important changes in meat consumption

According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)per capita meat consumption worldwide has seen significant changes in recent decades, moving from an average of 26 kilograms in 1970 to 41 kilograms in recent years.

Consumption per person shows significant variations by region: Africa records the lowest consumption (16 kilograms), and Oceania the highest (33 kilograms).

The main increase from 1970 to today was recorded by the Asian continent with an increase in consumption of 23 kilograms, followed by America (20) and Europe (18). In different regions, purchasing power and the level of production mainly determine the type of meat that the population eats.

There are more than 20 developing countries in the world whose consumption of meat per capita is less than 13 kilograms, compared to an average of 80 in developed countries.

United States, leader

The United States records the highest annual consumption of meat per person at 119.4 kilograms; Bangladesh and Burundi, for example, do not reach consumption of four kilograms per person per year because the purchasing power is very low. In India, consumption is also very low, but more so due to religious prohibitions.

According to the type of meat, the country with the highest consumption of poultry meat per person is Kuwait with 97.5 kilograms; beef, Argentina with 54.1; of pork Austria with 65.6, and of sheep and goat meat Mongolia with 49.3 kilograms.

In Mexico, in 1970, the consumption of meat per person (beef, pork, poultry, sheep and goats together) was 23 kilograms; In 1990, it was 34, and currently it is 63, which means that in the last two decades it recorded an increase of 84.5% (29 kilograms), in that period the increase in the intake of poultry meat went from 10 to 29 kilograms, it is assumed . , in part, the increase in the purchasing power of the population in the specified period.

It is important to note that in the mentioned period the number of inhabitants increased 2.3 times, with the fact that the number of consumers also increased.

The level of meat consumption in Mexico means about 20.7 grams of protein per person per day, 47% more than is recorded in the whole world. In 1970, the level of protein from meat consumption was 8.3 grams, and in 1990, it was 13.3 grams.

Source: Information Service on Agri-Food and Fisheries (SIAP), with FAOSTAT data.

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