Spain. – Technological Institute for Plastics (AIMPLAS) opened the eighth edition of its International Seminar on Sustainable Biopolymers and Composites, discussing the challenges and opportunities facing the bioplastics industry.
According to the institute, the world production of bioplastics is 2.2 million tons, but as stated Constance Ißrüker, de European Bioplasticspredictions include a tripling of this figure and reach 6.3 million tons by 2027.
Applications for which the greatest growth is expected are those related to agriculture, which will move from 4% to 5% of total production.
For her part, Theodora Nikolakopoulou, from the European Commission, highlighted Europe’s concern for the protection of agricultural soils and explained that from July 2026 it will be mandatory for all fertilizers with controlled action sold in Europe are biodegradable.
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What do experts say about bioplastics?
Elena Domínguez, agricultural researcher at AIMPLAS and technical coordinator of the seminar, explained how the technology center advises the European Commission on the criteria that these types of applications should meet in order to guarantee their biodegradable status.
Jordi Simón, from Asobiocomfocused on compostable applications and highlighted the importance of limiting their use to those where bioplastics add value, maintain product functionality and add end-of-life benefits to those products, improving their sustainability and reducing environmental impact.
for his part, Johana Andrade, researcher at AIMPLAS Biodegradability and Composting Laboratory and technical coordinator of the Seminar. Andrade highlighted their importance when talking about the benefits of bioplastics to ensure their proper use and guarantee proper end-of-life management to achieve the expected environmental benefits.
During the seminar, it was possible to learn firsthand about additives that facilitate processability or compatibility biopolymers to water bottles made from recycled PLA with the same properties and quality as the original material.
Likewise, pyrotechnic means for air shows produced from bioplastic by extrusion-blowing and a whole series of containers, closures and bottles for composting it can be processed by conventional machines and has the same properties as traditional plastics.
AIMPLAS also presented the results of some of its projects for packaging industry such as biodegradable protective packaging from food waste, plastic film obtained from coffee waste, active packaging from cheese industry waste to extend the shelf life of cheese and cartridges for 3D food printing.
For the agricultural sector, dyes of natural origin for the control of cottonet pests in the field and foam for hydroponic culture from feather waste from the poultry industry, as well as a compostable cardboard product from pruning and pressing residues from vine cultivation.
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