Transgenic food: the current dilemma

Currently, the world of biotechnology products has grown 100 times more than the beginning of their use. In Mexico, the first request for planting transgenic This happened in 1998, when transgenic corn was proposed on the national territory. The most important crop in this sector in terms of cultivated areas is soybeans, followed by corn, cotton and rapeseed. But what is the role or benefit of GMOs today? Various experts have given their opinion on this.

Um. Elena Alvarez Buylla, a researcher at the Institute of Ecology of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), mentioned that what started as a scientific curiosity became the possibility of modifying the nature of living things, which led to a new generation of organisms, the so-called transgenic or genetically modified.

According to the statements of Aleiro Lara Galicia, coordinator of Greenpeace’s Mexican sustainable agriculture campaign, transgenic crops are promoted not only by the companies that patent this type of genetically modified seed, but also with the approval of the Mexican authorities. He said that it was “a wrong decision that is ineffective in encouraging agriculture in the country, and extremely serious in terms of impact on the environment, but also on the life and survival of farmers in the country.”

Jorge Nieto, researcher at the Institute of Biotechnology of UNAM and Ma. Elena Alvarez Buylla, warned that behind genetically modified organisms and their application there are advantages and risks that must be properly analyzed. “The reality is that genetically modified food is already on the supermarket shelves and on the table of each of us. The products that are most represented on the market are corn, of which there are several varieties: virus-resistant papaya and herbicide-tolerant soybeans. The latter takes first place in in the world for the expansion of cultivation as transgenic food”, the experts pointed out.

For its part, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that available genetically modified food is safe for health, but has found that it can affect the environment through contamination of conventional crops. Meanwhile, the United Nations (UN) has said that genetically modified organisms can reduce the effects of hunger and poverty. malnutrition in less developed countries.

Source: Reform


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